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Introduction ::

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo. While Government of India (GOI) contributes 60% of total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except the states in North East and Himalayas, 40% share is contributed by State Governments for F.Y 2015-16. In the case of North Eastern States and Himalayan States, GOI contribution is 100%. Similarly, for development of bamboo and programmes of National Horticulture Board (NHB), Coconut Development Board (CDB), Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland and the National Level Agencies (NLA), GOI contribution will be 100%. Guidelines regarding implementation of the scheme are described hereunder.

 Area suitability of different horticultural crops.

 

S.no

Iso-climatic subzones

Location

Speciality crops

Vegetables

Fruits

Flowers

1.

Subzone-I
*Moderate  temperature  during
 summer
*Rain fall: 1300-1500mm.

Ranchi,
Part of Hazaribag,
Gumla, Simdega.

Off-season cabbage, capsicum, off-season  cauliflower, tomato, peas, french been, kharif potato, kharif onion, leafy vegetables, vegetable jackfruit, cucurbits,
carrot, beet root, baby corn and cowpea.

Litchi, mango, guava, strawberry, sapota, custard apple, jackfruit, papaya, bael.

Carnation, gerbera, rose, chrysenthemum, marigold.

2.

Subzone-II
*Relatively warmer and humid
  climate
*High rainfall
*Climate affected by sea

W.Singhbhum,
E. Singhbhum,
Sarikela.

Brinjal, tinda okra, cowpea,   capsicum, cauliflower, chilli, tomato, dolichos bean, root crops, cucumber.

Mango, guava,
cashewnut,  banana, jackfruit,custard apple, tamarind. 

Tuberose, chrysenthemum, marigold.

3.

Subzone-III
*Dry climate with less rainy months

Garhwa, Palamau, Chatra, Latehar

Brinjal, chilli, tomato, dolichos bean, root crops, leafy vegetables and cucumber.

Aonla, citrus, guava, bael, karonda

Marigold.

4.

Subzone-IV
*Warmer climate
*Medium rainfall
*High concentration of injurious gases

Koderma, Giridih, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Part of Hazaribag.

Brinjal, cabbage, okra, capsicum, cauliflower, chilli, tomato, peas, beans, and cucurbits.

Aonla, guava, karonda, bael, jamun, custard apple, tamarind.

 Marigold, Rose,  Chrysenthmum.

5.

Subzone-V
*Warmer climate
*High rainfall

Deoghar, Jamtara, Dumka, Godda, Sahebganj, Pakur

Kharif onion, kharif potato, brinjal, cabbage, cowpea, capsicum, cauliflower, chilli, okra, tomato, peas, beans, root crop, and cucurbits.

Mango, jackfruit, tamarind, custard apple and chiraunji.

Rose,tuberose, marigold

6.

Subzone-VI
*Cooler climate (altitude>2000ft.)

Hills of Gumla and Lohardaga

Broccoli, gherkins, cabbage, capsicum, off-season, cauliflower, chili, tomato, peas & beans, root crops, beet root, carrot, cucurbits and baby corn.

Pear, peach, low chilling apple, loquat.

Terrestrial orchids, bulbaceous flowers and chrysenthmum.

 

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